|Biological diversity, also called biodiversity, is fundamental for human life, as well as being vital for creating environmental balance. Mankind has benefited from biodiversity, as it provides natural services such as fresh water and clean air, biological resources such as medicinal plants and food, as well as socio-economic benefits of tourism. Increasingly, countries are recognising the importance of biodiversity as an asset that can be developed to add value to their economies. These countries are making it a priority to preserve their "natural capital" and foster sustainable development. Thailand is one such country.